Digitizing Incarceration: A Database of Unfreedoms

Frantel, Nancy C. Richmond, Virginia Uncovered: the Records of Slaves and Free Blacks Listed in the City Sergeant Jail Register, 1841-1846 (Westminster, MD: Westminster Books, 2010). ISBN-13: 9780788450457

Scott, William B and Peter Charles Hoffer, eds. Criminal Proceedings in Colonial Virginia [Records of] Fines, Examination of Criminals, Trials of Slaves, etc., from March 1710 [1711] to [1754] (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press for the American Historical Association, 1984). ISBN-13: 9780820307206